Herbal medicines

Herbal medicines

Herbal medicines are medications that are made from active ingredients derived from different parts of plants, such as leaves, roots, or flowers. The effects of herbal medicines on the body are similar to conventional drugs, and if inappropriate raw materials are used, they can be harmful. Therefore, they should be selected with care and sensitivity similar to conventional drugs.

Pharmaceutical Equipment

Pharmaceutical machinery is among the most important and essential equipment in the production, packaging, tablet-making, syrup-making, capsule-filling, and other industries. The pharmaceutical industry supplies 97.5% of the domestic consumption.

General advantages of pharmaceutical machinery:

• Very high precision in measurement

• Prevention of environmental contamination

• Mechanization of pharmaceutical operations

• Packaging in the pharmaceutical industry should also be complete and precise. The materials used for packaging in the pharmaceutical industry include plastic, polymer, glass, aluminum foil, paper, and other substances.

• Pharmaceutical products are available in various forms in the market, including solid forms such as powders and tablets, liquid forms such as solutions, suspensions, and syrups, and semi-solid forms such as ointments, gels, and creams. The packaging of a medication may vary depending on its form.

Packaging plays a crucial role in pharmaceutical products, and the appropriate material should be selected for packaging based on the form of the pharmaceutical product. The materials commonly used for packaging include glass, aluminum, and plastic. Typically, syrups and liquid medications are packaged in glass or plastic containers, while cream tubes, ointments, and gels are made of aluminum or plastic. Injectable products are packaged in glass or, in some cases, plastic. The packaging material should be chosen in a way that it does not render the medication ineffective and does not release any excess substances into the drug. Selecting the right color and material can protect the medication from light and moisture. In some larger packaging, small packages containing moisture-absorbing agents are used.

The packaging should facilitate arrangement, storage, transportation in pharmacies, and drug preservation for consumers. Even oral liquid medications are sometimes packaged in sachets or ampoule-like glass or plastic containers for precise administration and ease of transportation.

The method of drug administration and the form of the product can determine the packaging format. For example, eye ointments with narrow and delicate nozzles or aluminum blisters that allow easy removal of tablets.